英语分裂句的用法
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2021-10-24 04:31 字体: [ 进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
英语分裂句(cleft1 sentences)是为了强调句子当中非谓语的成分,而把一个句子分成两部分的句型。它通常用于正式场合及书面语中,但有时也出现在日常用语中。为了强调一个重要的信息,分裂句通常以 “It is...” 开头。比如:It is the prince's way of talking to everyday people that make him likeable. 正是王子和普通人交谈的方式让他备受人们的喜爱。这句话强调这位王子受欢迎的原因是 “他与普通人交谈的方式”。做下面的八道题,测一测你是否掌握了英语分裂句的用法。
 
1. Choose the response to speaker A that uses a cleft sentence for emphasis.
A: Why do you dislike her?
 
a) I cannot tolerate her silly laugh.
 
b) It is her silly laugh that I cannot tolerate.
 
c) I don't like her silly laugh. I cannot tolerate it.
 
d) Her silly laugh is intolerable.
 
2. Choose the response to speaker A that uses a cleft sentence for emphasis.
A: I thought you liked jazz?
 
a) What I don't like about it is when the singers' produce those repetitive sounds that aren't words.
 
b) I don't like it when the singers' produce those repetitive sounds that aren't words.
 
c) I'm not a fan of the singers' producing those repetitive sounds that aren't words.
 
d) The singers' produce those repetitive sounds that aren't words, and I don't like it.
 
3. Choose the response to speaker A that uses a cleft sentence for emphasis.
A: What's so great about his acting2 abilities?
 
a) He's a great actor because of that animalistic presence he has on camera.
 
b) I love his animalistic presence on camera, it makes him a great actor.
 
c) I love his acting because of his animalistic presence on camera.
 
d) It's that animalistic presence he has on camera that makes him a great actor.

 
4. Choose the response to speaker A that uses a cleft sentence for emphasis.
A: How can I get that job?
 
a) Most people get that job by having a confident and friendly manner.
 
b) The thing that gets most people that job is having a confident and friendly manner.
 
c) Having a confident and friendly manner gets most people that job.
 
d) The people who mostly get that job have a confident and friendly manner.
 
5. Choose the response to speaker A that uses a cleft sentence for emphasis.
A: You look so happy!
 
a) I'm always happy when the sun is shining!
 
b) I'm so happy when the sun is shining!
 
c) It's when the sun is shining that I'm happy!
 
d) I love it when the sun shines. It makes me so happy!
 
6. Choose the response to speaker A that uses a cleft sentence for emphasis.
A: Why are you so angry?
 
a) It's the way my boss speaks down to me that makes me angry.
 
b) I feel so angry with the way my boss speaks down to me.
 
c) It makes me feel so angry the way my boss speaks down to me.
 
d) My boss speaks down to me, and it makes me feel so angry.
 
7. Which of the following is a cleft sentence used for emphasis?
 
a) I noticed that she is very assertive3.
 
b) I think she is very assertive.
 
c) What I noticed about her is that she is very assertive.
 
d) She is very assertive. I noticed this.
 
8. Which of the following is a cleft sentence used for emphasis?
 
a) International Women's Day is celebrated4 every year on March 8th.
 
b) On March 8th every year, International Women's Day is celebrated.
 
c) Every year on March 8th, International Women's Day is celebrated.
 
d) It is on March 8th every year that International Women's Day is celebrated.
 
答案
1) b, 2) a, 3) d, 4) b, 5) c, 6) a, 7) c, 8) d.


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1 cleft awEzGG     
n.裂缝;adj.裂开的
参考例句:
  • I hid the message in a cleft in the rock.我把情报藏在石块的裂缝里。
  • He was cleft from his brother during the war.在战争期间,他与他的哥哥分离。
2 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
3 assertive De7yL     
adj.果断的,自信的,有冲劲的
参考例句:
  • She always speaks an assertive tone.她总是以果断的语气说话。
  • China appears to have become more assertive in the waters off its coastline over recent years.在近些年,中国显示出对远方海洋的自信。
4 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
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